Mariah (7) asks “Why are pushes and pulls forces?”

Thanks team and thanks Mariah for the question.  My team are quite correct there are lots of pushes and pulls. Can you think of more? What about gravity? That pulls things to the ground. What about the wind, that pushes things.

In science and in our daily life we put things into groups. The things in the group all have something in common. All fish are grouped together, they can all breathe underwater. Can you see anything else they have in all fish have which is the same?
All bicycles are grouped together, they all have two wheels. They also have some other things in common (the same).

If all forces are grouped together , they all involve pushes and pulls. The group that pushes and pulls is called forces.

“How are sounds made?” asks Mohammed (7)

Thank you team. Some of the things in the image above make sounds without tapping or blowing. Can you find them? Miwah asked a similiar question where he investigated how the sound a drum made was created. Can you try an make a sound using a ruler. Try holding one end of it on the desk and then bending it slightly by pushing down on the end which is not resting on the desk.

Now let go ….. and here come the questions.  Did you hear anything? What did the end of the ruler do? If there was a sound when did it stop?

Another question. If there was a sound what part of your body detected it? So how did the sound get to you? What is between your bodies sound detection and the ruler?

Now for a little bit of information. How did the ruler move when you let go of it? The word to describe this movement is ‘vibration’. A vibration is a continuous small movement up and down, or side to side. This is what Miwah discovered in the drum investigation. Below is a small video of a plastic ruler being pushed downwards and then allowed to vibrate.

Investigate making other objects making sounds and see if you can ‘feel’ the vibrations.

Any more thoughts , then please make a comment or ask another question.

Ava (7) asks “Why do mirrors change words ?”


Ava, can you see how the image of the dog in the mirror is different from the dog. Look at the dogs raised ear. What side of the head is it on? NOW imagine you are the dog in the mirror, what side of the head is the raised ear on.

Try this, look in a mirror and point your right finger at the mirror. Now try to put yourself in the position of you in the mirror and what side of you is your finger. Is it your right finger or left finger, in the mirror???  Wow. The mirror has inverted your image (the dictionary says inverted means  – put upside down or in the opposite position.)

Now try a mirror with some words. Try it with this word  Mirror Me. Write it on a piece of card or paper and look at it in a mirror. What does it look like …..is it like this?

Think about what you are seeing. Why can you see the image in the mirror? Think about reflection? This is a very difficult area of understanding BUT you can have a lot of fun with it.

Updated 12/6/17

Donna (7) asks “Where do clouds come from?”

Donna, many thanks for the question. Before trying to answer it I thought I would ask my team a question.

Donna, what do you think about the puddles question? Think about how you would answer it and then go to my answer to a previous question.

Now to your question. Firstly I have created a little animation to show how the puddle disappear. You have to imagine that the shapes are water particles (molecules is the proper word). In the puddle they are all moving around. Most of them like being with the other particles BUT some are just moving around a little bit too fast and manage to escape from the puddle. When the Sun begins to warm the puddle it makes more water particles move around faster and more escape. This goes on until the puddle disappears.

 

The water particles are very small and are are lifted by the air up into the sky. High above the ground the air is quite cold so the water particles ‘slow down’. When they are moving ever so slowly if they meet another water particle they join up with each other and form droplets of water. This is how a cloud begins to form.

At home look at the steam from a kettle, BE VERY CAREFUL AND CONSULT AN ADULT.  At the exit of the kettle spout you can see nothing, BUT just above this the hot water particles begin to cool down and slow down and reform clouds of water.

(revised 21/4/17)

“Is a shadow a reflection?” asks Jack (7)

Thank you team. Some excellent observations. You noticed that the shadow had no detail on it, no colour, no lines, no images of seeds in the fruit. It was just black. On a dark night, under street lights look at your shadow. Other than your shape what detail does it have? It changes now and again, but why?

Now the reflection? If you look into a mirror what do you see? Is it like your shadow? How different is it?

Look at the two images of the fruit. The first image of the the fruit is the ‘real’ image. What about the image just below it (on the shiny surface)? Is it the real image? How did it get there?

Think about this – where did it come from? Now think about your image in a mirror, where did that come from?

You can create you own image of a reflection and a shadow. Get a mirror and a small screen. Put the object on the mirror and the screen behind it and use a torch to shine on the object.

Jack, this a great question. Lot’s to think about. Do you want to ask another question? Then click on the Reply button below.

 

“If we could put asteroids around Venus, could it then be made habitable?” asks David (7)

Thanks team, I am tempted to agree with you, however there is some evidence that once upon a time millions of years ago the surface of Venus was very much like the surface of the Earth and that there might have been water on the planet. NASA has also managed to land a small spacecraft onto the surface of Venus so it might be possible, in the future to land a bigger spacecraft which could contain humans. However it is unlikely that the planet could be made habitable. Maybe Mars would be a better bet?

David, could I have your thoughts about the ‘asteroids’ in your question, It might make me change the answer to the question. You could reply by making a comment in the ‘Leave a Reply’ box below.

“Am I living?” asked Cloe (7).

Many thanks team. You are right there was a question about clouds  and if they were living. Think about what living means for you and for other things that might be living.

Do you think that plants, rocks, clouds, germs, the air, birds, trees and you are living?  You might not think that a tomato is living BUT does it contain seeds? Think about seeds and what happens to these non-moving, non-growing things. Are they living? So put them in some water and give them some soil, what happens?

Any reader can ask a question or leave a Comment in the Leave a Reply box below

Miwah (7) asked ” I hit a drum and it produced a banging sound. How did it do that?”

Miwah, what a great question. It really needs some thoughts from my team.

 

So Miwah what are your thoughts? What happens to the rice when the sound  occurs?

Is there anything around the rice? If there is will that behave in the same way?

Think, ask questions, see if there are links. That is what science is all about.

Any reader can ask another question or leave a Comment in the Leave a Reply box below

Beatriz (7) asks “What happens to the the light at night?”

How do we tackle this question Beatriz? Lets tackle it by looking at light being used.

Let us see if we can make light move around a table. For this experiment you will need 3 plastic mirrors some plasticine and a torch. Light can be ‘bounced off’ an object so can it be bounced off mirrors?

So your task is to bounce the light from the torch around the four sides of the table. Think about what you did to make it happen.

Also let us look at shadows. Collect a variety of objects, a torch and a screen (maybe mounted in some way). Shine the torch at the object, what do you see on the screen.

Why do you think the shadow is formed? Can you change the shape of the shadow? Can you get more than one shadow?

Any reader can ask another question or leave a Comment in the Leave a Reply box below

Makeda (7) asked “How does the electricity make a magnet?”

Makeda what a great question, and my answer is, I don’t know. We know that electricity can make a magnet or even give a wire magnetic properties. There are other things which we know but it’s a bit like gravity. We know that big things, like the Earth and the Sun attract smaller things – the Sun attracts the Earth, the Earth attracts you and me BUT we do not know what gravity is, we just know what it does.

So I asked my friends about this.

Absolutely, thank you friends. Electricity is linked to things called electrons that are attached to other things called atoms that make up all of the things that we see around us, and us.

There are some special materials that you might have discovered called ‘metals’. Metals allow the stuff which we call electricity to flow through them. In metals the electrons carry the electricity and when they start moving they not only start moving the electricity there movement creates a magnetic field.

So lets carry out some experiments to investigate electricity and magnetism.

Let us make a simple circuit with a battery and a switch  and add a compass, close to the circuit.   Why a compass? A compass is a very small magnet and will detect other magnets by trying to move towards them or away from them. Switch on the circuit and see what happens. Switch off and again see what happens.

 

Let us know what you saw.