Thanks for that team , a very informative introduction. It’s usually the furthest electron that is involved in moving the electrical energy around the circuit.
I have tried to create a small animation to show how this might happen. The ‘pipes’ are the copper metal wire. the dots are the outermost electron attached to the numerous copper atoms. The battery is the ‘motor’ that makes the electrons move. To find out a bit more about how the battery work have a quick look at Sadies question.
Electrons are negatively charged particles so the negative terminal of the battery is ‘pushing’ the electrons while the positive terminal of the battery is ‘pulling’ the electrons SO when the switch is closed all the electrons in the circuit start moving together.
Who do you think discovered that opposite charges attract and negative charges repel?
Now what about the filament in the bulb. Any idea why that starts producing light? Any thoughts on both these questions, let me know in the ‘Leave a Reply ‘ box.